Shortcuts

Tutorial 2: Customize Datasets

Support new data format

To support a new data format, you can convert them to existing formats (DOTA format). You could choose to convert them offline (before training by a script) or online (implement a new dataset and do the conversion at training). In MMRotate, we recommend to convert the data into DOTA formats and do the conversion offline, thus you only need to modify the config’s data annotation paths and classes after the conversion of your data.

Reorganize new data formats to existing format

The simplest way is to convert your dataset to existing dataset formats (DOTA).

The annotation txt files in DOTA format:

184 2875 193 2923 146 2932 137 2885 plane 0
66 2095 75 2142 21 2154 11 2107 plane 0
...

Each line represents an object and records it as a 10-dimensional array A.

  • A[0:8]: Polygons with format (x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3, x4, y4).

  • A[8]: Category.

  • A[9]: Difficulty.

After the data pre-processing, there are two steps for users to train the customized new dataset with existing format (e.g. DOTA format):

  1. Modify the config file for using the customized dataset.

  2. Check the annotations of the customized dataset.

Here we give an example to show the above two steps, which uses a customized dataset of 5 classes with COCO format to train an existing Cascade Mask R-CNN R50-FPN detector.

1. Modify the config file for using the customized dataset

There are two aspects involved in the modification of config file:

  1. The data field. Specifically, you need to explicitly add the classes fields in data.train, data.val and data.test.

  2. The num_classes field in the model part. Explicitly over-write all the num_classes from default value (e.g. 80 in COCO) to your classes number.

In configs/my_custom_config.py:


# the new config inherits the base configs to highlight the necessary modification
_base_ = './rotated_retinanet_hbb_r50_fpn_1x_dota_oc'

# 1. dataset settings
dataset_type = 'DOTADataset'
classes = ('a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e')
data = dict(
    samples_per_gpu=2,
    workers_per_gpu=2,
    train=dict(
        type=dataset_type,
        # explicitly add your class names to the field `classes`
        classes=classes,
        ann_file='path/to/your/train/annotation_data',
        img_prefix='path/to/your/train/image_data'),
    val=dict(
        type=dataset_type,
        # explicitly add your class names to the field `classes`
        classes=classes,
        ann_file='path/to/your/val/annotation_data',
        img_prefix='path/to/your/val/image_data'),
    test=dict(
        type=dataset_type,
        # explicitly add your class names to the field `classes`
        classes=classes,
        ann_file='path/to/your/test/annotation_data',
        img_prefix='path/to/your/test/image_data'))

# 2. model settings
model = dict(
    bbox_head=dict(
        type='RotatedRetinaHead',
        # explicitly over-write all the `num_classes` field from default 15 to 5.
        num_classes=15))

2. Check the annotations of the customized dataset

Assuming your customized dataset is DOTA format, make sure you have the correct annotations in the customized dataset:

  • The classes fields in your config file should have exactly the same elements and the same order with the A[8] in txt annotations. MMRotate automatically maps the uncontinuous id in categories to the continuous label indices, so the string order of name in categories field affects the order of label indices. Meanwhile, the string order of classes in config affects the label text during visualization of predicted bounding boxes.

Customize datasets by dataset wrappers

MMRotate also supports many dataset wrappers to mix the dataset or modify the dataset distribution for training. Currently it supports to three dataset wrappers as below:

  • RepeatDataset: simply repeat the whole dataset.

  • ClassBalancedDataset: repeat dataset in a class balanced manner.

  • ConcatDataset: concat datasets.

Repeat dataset

We use RepeatDataset as wrapper to repeat the dataset. For example, suppose the original dataset is Dataset_A, to repeat it, the config looks like the following

dataset_A_train = dict(
        type='RepeatDataset',
        times=N,
        dataset=dict(  # This is the original config of Dataset_A
            type='Dataset_A',
            ...
            pipeline=train_pipeline
        )
    )

Class balanced dataset

We use ClassBalancedDataset as wrapper to repeat the dataset based on category frequency. The dataset to repeat needs to instantiate function self.get_cat_ids(idx) to support ClassBalancedDataset. For example, to repeat Dataset_A with oversample_thr=1e-3, the config looks like the following

dataset_A_train = dict(
        type='ClassBalancedDataset',
        oversample_thr=1e-3,
        dataset=dict(  # This is the original config of Dataset_A
            type='Dataset_A',
            ...
            pipeline=train_pipeline
        )
    )

Concatenate dataset

There are three ways to concatenate the dataset.

  1. If the datasets you want to concatenate are in the same type with different annotation files, you can concatenate the dataset configs like the following.

    dataset_A_train = dict(
        type='Dataset_A',
        ann_file = ['anno_file_1', 'anno_file_2'],
        pipeline=train_pipeline
    )
    

    If the concatenated dataset is used for test or evaluation, this manner supports to evaluate each dataset separately. To test the concatenated datasets as a whole, you can set separate_eval=False as below.

    dataset_A_train = dict(
        type='Dataset_A',
        ann_file = ['anno_file_1', 'anno_file_2'],
        separate_eval=False,
        pipeline=train_pipeline
    )
    
  2. In case the dataset you want to concatenate is different, you can concatenate the dataset configs like the following.

    dataset_A_train = dict()
    dataset_B_train = dict()
    
    data = dict(
        imgs_per_gpu=2,
        workers_per_gpu=2,
        train = [
            dataset_A_train,
            dataset_B_train
        ],
        val = dataset_A_val,
        test = dataset_A_test
        )
    

    If the concatenated dataset is used for test or evaluation, this manner also supports to evaluate each dataset separately.

  3. We also support to define ConcatDataset explicitly as the following.

    dataset_A_val = dict()
    dataset_B_val = dict()
    
    data = dict(
        imgs_per_gpu=2,
        workers_per_gpu=2,
        train=dataset_A_train,
        val=dict(
            type='ConcatDataset',
            datasets=[dataset_A_val, dataset_B_val],
            separate_eval=False))
    

    This manner allows users to evaluate all the datasets as a single one by setting separate_eval=False.

Note:

  1. The option separate_eval=False assumes the datasets use self.data_infos during evaluation. Therefore, COCO datasets do not support this behavior since COCO datasets do not fully rely on self.data_infos for evaluation. Combining different types of datasets and evaluating them as a whole is not tested thus is not suggested.

  2. Evaluating ClassBalancedDataset and RepeatDataset is not supported thus evaluating concatenated datasets of these types is also not supported.

A more complex example that repeats Dataset_A and Dataset_B by N and M times, respectively, and then concatenates the repeated datasets is as the following.

dataset_A_train = dict(
    type='RepeatDataset',
    times=N,
    dataset=dict(
        type='Dataset_A',
        ...
        pipeline=train_pipeline
    )
)
dataset_A_val = dict(
    ...
    pipeline=test_pipeline
)
dataset_A_test = dict(
    ...
    pipeline=test_pipeline
)
dataset_B_train = dict(
    type='RepeatDataset',
    times=M,
    dataset=dict(
        type='Dataset_B',
        ...
        pipeline=train_pipeline
    )
)
data = dict(
    imgs_per_gpu=2,
    workers_per_gpu=2,
    train = [
        dataset_A_train,
        dataset_B_train
    ],
    val = dataset_A_val,
    test = dataset_A_test
)

Read the Docs v: latest
Versions
latest
stable
1.x
v1.0.0rc0
v0.3.3
v0.3.2
v0.3.1
v0.3.0
v0.2.0
v0.1.1
v0.1.0
main
dev
Downloads
pdf
html
epub
On Read the Docs
Project Home
Builds

Free document hosting provided by Read the Docs.